The Local and Global in the Armenian Genocide Memorial




memory, memorials, Armenian Genocide, Karabagh Movement, national identity


Memorials are one of the most common forms of memorialization and may be understood as symbolic reparations for the victims and survivors of mass violence. They acknowledge the suffering and grief of the victims and pay tribute to the dead. At the same time, the memorials epitomises not only history but also teaches contemporary lessons of local and global character. The Armenian Genocide Memorial as a symbol of grief and revival of the Armenian nation serves all these aims.
This article aims to address some points of history of the construction of the Armenian Genocide Memorial, its local and global implications, the issue of absence of names in the Memorial, as well as the feelings of patriotism and statehood embedded in the Armenian Genocide Memorial.


Julia Viebach, “Alétheia and the Making of the World: Inner and Outer Dimensions of Memorials in Rwanda,” in Memorials in Time of Transition, eds. Susanne Buckley-Zistel & Stefanie Shafer (Cambridge-AntwerpPortland: Intersentia Publishing Ltd., 2014), 69.

Sebastian Brett, Louis Bickford, Liz Ševčenko, Marcela Rios, Memorialization and Democracy: State Policy and Civic Action,, accessed 12.02.2020.

Ernesto Kiza, Corene Rathgeber, and Holger-C. Rohne, Victims of War: An Empirical Study on WarVictimization and Victims’ Attitudes Toward Addressing Atrocities (Hamburg: Hamburg Institute for Social Research, 2006).

Judy Barsalou, “Reflecting the fractured past: memorialization, transitional justice and the role of the outsiders,” in Memorials in Time of Transition, 47-68.

Annika Björkdahl, Stefanie Kappler, “The Creation of Transnational Memory Spaces: Professionalization and Commercialization,” International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society 32 (2019): 383-401.

Vardges Petrosyan, “On the different sides of the ‘psychological barbed-wire’” in Մեր ժողովուրդն իմն է՝ ինչպես իմ վիշտը [Our people are mine - as is my grief] in Collection of Articles, ed. Levon Ananyan (Yerevan, Hayastan, 2003), 132.

Harutyun Marutyan, Iconography of Armenian Identity. Volume 1: The Memory of Genocide and the Karabagh Movement (Yerevan: Gitut’yun, 2009), 38-39.

Avag Harutyunyan, Հայոց ցեղասպանության 50-րդ տարելիցը և Երկրորդ հանրապետությունը [The 50th Anniversary of the Armenian Genocide and the Second Republic] (Yerevan: Noravanq, 2015).

Statement by 126 Holocaust scholars, holders of academic chairs, and directors of Holocaust research and studies centers,, accessed 12.02.2020.

Harutyun Marutyan, “Formation, Development, and Current State of the Armenian Genocide Victims Remembrance Day (Part 2),” in Ts’eghaspanagitakan handes 7 (2) 2018: 108-110.

Harutyun Marutyan, “Museums and Monuments: Comparative Analysis of Armenian and Jewish Experiences in Memory Policies,” Études Arméniennes Contemporaines 3 (2014): 65-66.

Remarks by President Trump to the 74th Session of the United Nations General Assembly,, accessed 23.06.2020.




How to Cite

Marutyan, H. (2022). The Local and Global in the Armenian Genocide Memorial. International Journal of Armenian Genocide Studies, 6(2), 74–89.